Cell Death-Induced Activation of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor in Keratinocytes: Implications for Restricting Epidermal Damage in Dermatitis
Recent findings have implicated Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) in mediating the death of keratinocytes in spongiotic lesions. We asked whether dying keratinocytes could potentially initiate a protective response of the skin to limit the destruction of the epidermis in the spongiotic areas. In addition to apoptosis, treatment of keratinocyte cultures in vitro with FasL triggers a profound phoshorylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and of its downstream effectors ERK and protein kinase B (PKB/Akt). Using a variety of inhibitors and blocking antibodies, we demonstrated that: (i) apoptosis is required for the generation of the signal(s) leading to the activation of EGFR, ERK, and Akt; (ii) the activation of EGFR, ERK, and Akt by FasL is indeed mediated by its bona fide receptor Fas; (iii) the activation of EGFR is essential for the subsequent activation of ERK and Akt; and (iv) apoptotic keratinocytes secrete soluble EGFR ligands (including amphiregulin) that are processed from membrane-bound proligand forms by metalloproteinase(s). Our findings demonstrate a potential mechanism for the restriction and repair of spongiotic damage in eczemas.
Iordanov, Mihail S.; Sundholm, Aaron J.; Simpson, Eric L.; Hanifin, Jon M.; Ryabinina, Olga P.; Choi, Remy J.; Korcheva, Veselina B.; Schneider, Pascal; and Magun, Bruce E., "Cell Death-Induced Activation of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor in Keratinocytes: Implications for Restricting Epidermal Damage in Dermatitis" (2005). Faculty Research. 21.