Ed.D. Dissertations

Date of Award

Spring 2-2020

Document Type

Campus Access Dissertation


College of Education



Degree Name

Doctorate of Education, Ed.D.

Faculty Chair

Donna Graham, Ph.D.

Content Specialist

Dana Sheldon, Ph.D.

Content Reader

Nicholas Markette, Ed.D.


professional development, technology, technology integration, K–12, Texas Education Service Centers, rural schools, self-efficacy, middle school, high school, teachers


Public schools are attempting to meet the demands for 21st century technological skills. This qualitative research study sought to discover how rural Texas teachers perceive technology professional development and the integration of technology in the classroom. Twelve rural Texas teachers from East Texas, Coastal Bend Texas, and South Texas participated in this case study. These teachers were recruited by snowball sampling and participated in a survey, interviews, and a focus group via Qualtrics, phone, and WebEx. After manual and software coding, the data were analyzed according to themes of professional development and technology use and patterned according to confidence levels. In-vivo coding was used in order to gain an understanding of these confidence levels through the teachers’ words. The rural teachers perceived themselves in the early/developing stage of classroom technology use due to the lack of appropriate professional development. The implications of these findings are that more relevant professional development needs to be developed to assist rural teachers in classroom technology integration success.

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